Wireline Sonic Waveform Data

 

IODP logging contractor: USIO/LDEO

Hole: U1417E

Expedition: 341

Location: Gulf of Alaska (NE Pacific Ocean)

Latitude: 56°57.5888' N

Longitude: 147° 6.5983' W

Logging date: June 22, 2013

Sea floor depth (driller's): 4199.5 m DRF

Sea floor depth (logger's): 4200 m WRF

Total penetration: 4909 m DRF (709.5 m DSF)

Total core recovered: 146.92 m (42.1 % of 348.7 m; several drilled-down intervals)

Oldest sediment recovered: ~5 Ma at 400 m DSF

Lithologies:  Mud, iceberg-rafted diamict, coarse-grained interval dominated by gravity flows alternate with mud, siltstone and sandstone.

 

TOOL USED: DSI (Dipole Sonic Imager)

Recording mode: Monopole P&S and Upper and Lower Dipole (all passes), Cross-Dipole (online and crossline) and Stoneley mode (pass 1).

Remarks about the recording: none.

 

MONOPOLE P&S MODE: measures compressional and hard-rock shear slowness. The monopole transmitter is excited by a high-frequency pulse, which reproduces conditions similar to previous sonic tools.

UPPER DIPOLE MODE: measures shear wave slowness using firings of the upper dipole transmitter.

LOWER DIPOLE MODE: measures shear wave slowness using firings of the lower dipole transmitter.

CROSS-DIPOLE MODE: uses alternate firings of upper and lower dipole transmitter, thus allowing acquisition of orthogonally polarized data for anisotropy studies.

STONELEY MODE: measures low-frequency Stoneley wave slowness. The monopole transmitter, driven by a low-frequency pulse, generates the Stoneley wave.

The acoustic data are recorded in DLIS format. Each of the eight waveforms geerally consists of 512 samples, each recorded every 10 (monopole P&S) and 40 microsec (dipolemodes), at depth intervals of 15.24 cm (6 inches).The original data in DLIS format are first loaded on a Sun system using GeoFrame software. The packed waveform data files are run through a GeoFrame module that applies a gain correction and then converted to ASCII and finally binary format.

 

Each row of the binary file is composed of the entire waveform set recorded at each depth, preceded by the depth. In the general case of 8 waveforms with 512 samples per waveform, this corresponds to 1 + 8x512 = 4097 columns. In this hole, the specifications of the files are:

 

Number of columns: 4097

Number of rows: 3757  (downlog)

Number of rows: 3762  (pass 1, monopole, upper and lower dipole, Stoneley modes)

Number of rows:  1794 (pass 1 1ower, cross dipole mode)

Number of rows:  1971 (pass 1 upper, cross dipole mode)

Number of rows:  3358 (pass 2)

 

The following files were converted:

DSI from FMS/DSI/GPIT/EDTC-B/HNGS (Downlog, drill pipe at  ~80 m WSF)

341-U1417E_ldip_d.bin:  0-572.4 m WSF

341-U1417E_mono_d.bin:  0-572.4 m WSF

341-U1417E_udip_d.bin: 0-572.4 m WSF

DSI from FMS/DSI/GPIT/EDTC-B/HNGS (Pass 1, drill pipe at  ~82.5 m WSF)

341-U1417E_cd_ldip_cl_p1u.bin: 0-300 m WSF

341-U1417E_cd_ldip_il_p1u.bin: 0-300 m WSF

341-U1417E_cd_udip_cl_p1u.bin: 0-300 m WSF

341-U1417E_cd_udip_il_p1u.bin: 0-300 m WSF

341-U1417E_cd_ldip_cl_p1l.bin: 300-573.16 m WSF

341-U1417E_cd_ldip_il_p1l.bin: 300-573.16 m WSF

341-U1417E_cd_udip_cl_p1l.bin: 300-573.16 m WSF

341-U1417E_cd_udip_il_p1l.bin: 300-573.16 m WSF

341-U1417E_ldip_p1.bin: 0-573.16 m WSF

341-U1417E_mono_p1.bin: 0-573.16 m WSF

341-U1417E_st_p1.bin: 0-573.16 m WSF

341-U1417E_udip_p1.bin: 0-573.16 m WSF

 

Note: Due to size constraints dictated by the data format conversion software, the cross dipole files have been been split into upper and lower section.

 

DSI from FMS/DSI/GPIT/EDTC-B/HNGS (Pass 2, drill pipe at  ~80 m WSF)

341-U1417E_ldip_p2.bin: -573.16 m WSF

341-U1417E_mono_p2.bin: -573.16 m WSF

341-U1417E_udip_p2.bin: -573.16 m WSF

 

 

All values are stored as '32 bits IEEE float'.

Any image or signal-processing program should allow to import the files and display the data.

 

The sonic waveform files are depth-shifted to the seafloor (-4200 m) but they are not depth-matched to the reference run. Please refer to the 'depth_matches' folder in the hole index page for the depth-matching values and to the "DEPTH SHIFT" section in the standard processing notes for further information.

 

NOTE: For users interested in converting the data to a format more suitable for their own purpose, a simple routine to read the binary files would include a couple of basic steps (here in old fashioned fortran 77, but would be similar in matlab or other languages):


The first step is to extract the files dimensions and specification from the header, which is the first record in each file:

  open (1, file = *.bin,access = 'direct', recl = 50) <-- NB:50 is enough to real all fields

  read (1, rec = 1)nz, ns, nrec, ntool, mode, dz, scale, dt

  close (1)


The various fields in the header are:
      - number of depths
      - number of samples per waveform and per receiver
      - number of receivers
      - tool number (0 = DSI; 1 = SonicVISION; 2 = SonicScope; 3 = Sonic Scanner; 4 = XBAT; 5 = MCS; 6 = SDT; 7 = LSS; 8 = SST; 9 = BHC; 10 = QL40; 11 = 2PSA)
      - mode (1 = Lower Dipole, 2 = Upper Dipole, 3 = Stoneley, 4 = Monopole)
      - vertical sampling interval *
      - scaling factor for depth (1.0 = meters; 0.3048 = feet) *
      - waveform sampling rate in microseconds *

All those values are stored as 4 bytes integers, except for the ones marked by an asterisk, stored as 4 bytes IEEE floating point numbers.


Then, if the number of depths, samples per waveform/receiver, and receivers are nz, ns, and nrec, respectively, a command to open the file would be:

  open (1, file = *.bin, access = 'direct', recl = 4*(1 + nrec*ns))


Finally, a generic loop to read the data and store them in an array of dimension nrec × ns × nz would be:

  do k = 1, nz

    read (1, rec = 1+k) depth(k), ((data(i,j,k), j = 1,ns), i = 1,nrec)

  enddo

 

Additional information about the drilling and logging operations can be found in the Operations and Downhole Measurements sections of the expedition report, Proceedings of the Integrated Drilling Program, Expedition 341. For further questions please contact:

 

Cristina Broglia

Phone: 845-365-8343

Fax: 845-365-3182

E-mail: Cristina Broglia

 

Tanzhuo Liu

Phone: 845-365-8630

Fax: 845-365-3182

E-mail: Tanzhuo Liu