Wireline Standard Data Processing
ODP logging contractor: LDEO-BRG
Location: Demerara Rise (equatorial NW Atlantic)
Latitude: 9° 27.230' N
Longitude: 54° 20.518' W
Logging date: January 18-19, 2003
Bottom felt: 2962 mbrf (used for depth shift to sea floor)
Total penetration: 284.7 mbsf
Total core recovered: 216.05 m (75.89%)
Logging string 1: DIT/HLDS/APS/HNGS/TAP/MGT (two passes with MGT turned off, followed by 2 passes with MGT only)
Logging string 2: FMS/SDT/SGT (two passes)
Logging string 3: WST
All of the passes reached close to the hole total depth without problems from bridges. The wireline heave compensator was used throughout.
Bottom Hole Assembly
The following bottom hole assembly (BHA) depths are as they appear on the logs after differential depth shift (see "Depth shift" section) and depth shift to the sea floor. As such, there might be a discrepancy with the original depths given by the drillers onboard. Typical reasons for depth discrepancies are ship heave, use of wireline heave compensator, and drill string or wireline stretch.
DIT/HLDS/APS/HNGS/TAP/MGT: bottom hole assembly at ~73 mbsf (both passes)
FMS/SDT/SGT: bottom hole assembly at ~76 mbsf (both passes)
Depth shift: The original logs were depth matched to the HSGR log from the first pass of the DIT/HLDS/APS/HNGS/TAP/MGT tool string, and were then shifted to the sea floor (-2962 m). The DIT/HLDS/APS/HNGS/TAP/MGT pass 1 was chosen as the reference run because it was the only run to cross the seafloor. The wireline cable, however, stopped briefly 3 times during this run (at 115, 123, and 218 mbsf), causing local depth discrepancies between the logs on the same tool string. Depth shifts were not applied over these intervals, so the discrepancies were not propagated to the other logging runs. The DIT/HLDS/APS/HNGS/TAP/MGT pass 2 and FMS/SDT/SGT pass 1 were matched by total gamma ray, with cross checking using the caliper logs. The FMS/SDT/SGT pass 2 was matched to the shifted FMS/SDT/SGT pass 1 by the caliper logs.
The sea floor depth was determined by the step in gamma ray values at 2962 mbrf. For Hole 1257A, this is the same value as the mudline depth given by the drillers (see above). This also gives a good depth correlation between logs and cores. It leads. however, to an offset of about 3 m between the loggerŐs and drillerŐs BHA depth (73 vs. 70 mbsf) and the total depths (288 vs. 284.7 mbsf). Therefore, there is an alternate possibility that the sea floor is at 2965 mbsf; as stated above, 2962 mbrf was used in this processing.
Depth matching is typically done in the following way. One log is chosen as reference (base) log (usually the total gamma ray log from the run with the greatest vertical extent), and then the features in the equivalent logs from the other runs are matched to it in turn. This matching is performed manually. The depth adjustments that were required to bring the match log in line with the base log are then applied to all the other logs from the same tool string.
Environmental corrections: The HNGS and SGT data were corrected for hole size during the recording. The APS and HLDS have been corrected for standoff and hole diameter respectively during the recording.
High-resolution data: Bulk density and neutron porosity data were recorded at a sampling rate of 2.54 and 5.08 cm, respectively. The enhanced bulk density curve is the result of Schlumberger enhanced processing technique performed on the MAXIS system onboard. While in normal processing short-spacing data is smoothed to match the long-spacing one, in enhanced processing this is reversed. In a situation where there is good contact between the HLDS pad and the borehole wall (low-density correction) the results are improved, because the short spacing has better vertical resolution. SGT gamma ray was recorded at 15.24 and 5.08 cm sampling rates.
Acoustic data: The four transit times from the SDT tool were processed using an in-house program that compares the slownesses derived from the 8 different transmitter-receiver pairs at each depth, and discards those times that are significantly different from the majority as bad data. This leads to improved compressional wave velocity logs that are free of the artifacts present in the velocities derived directly from the recorded delay times (DTLN and DTLF).
null value=-999.25. This value may replace invalid log values or results.
During the processing, quality control of the data is mainly performed by cross-correlation of all logging data. Large (>12") and/or irregular borehole affects most recordings, particularly those that require eccentralization (APS, HLDS) and a good contact with the borehole wall. Hole deviation can also affect the data negatively; the FMS, for example, is not designed to be run in holes deviated more than 10 degrees, as the tool weight might cause the caliper to close.
Data recorded through bottom hole assembly should be used qualitatively only because of the attenuation on the incoming signal.
Hole diameter was recorded by the hydraulic caliper on the HLDS tool (LCAL) and on the FMS tool (C1 and C2). The hole was in very good condition, generally reading 10-12 inches in diameter below 165 mbsf. The hole reaches 15 inches above 165 mbsf. The hole is generally free from washouts.
Additional information about the logs can be found in the "Explanatory Notes" and Site Chapter, ODP IR volume 207. For further questions about the logs, please contact:
E-mail: Cristina Broglia